This interview was conducted by Javier Toro.
Mateo Alaluf is Professor at the Faculty of Philosophy and Social Sciences of the Université Libre de Bruxelles. He is also the author of L'allocation universelle : nouveau label de la précarité.
This translation has been automatically generated and has not been verified for accuracy.
From the 19th century until 1945, assistance to the poor was dominant but declined in favour of social insurance. Pauperism referred to mass poverty caused by work. In the early days of industrialisation, assistance consisted of supplementing workers’ starvation wages and providing a meagre income to the poor who could not work. Then gradually the adoption of the first social laws was observed.
From 1945 to 1980 there was a decline in welfare and an expansion of the social state. Social security dominates and social assistance is seen as residual. It is now a matter of progressively replacing charity and assistance with solidarity and social rights.
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