VOL. 2, NO. 1, PGS. 1–8


Liberal Democracy as Soft Despotism
A conversation with Ryszard Legutko

This interview was conducted by Javier Toro.

Ryszard Legutko is a Professor at the Institute of Philosophy at the Jagiellonian University, a member of the European Parliament and a former Minister of National Education of Poland. He is the author of The Demon in Democracy: Totalitarian Temptations in Free Societies.

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What is liberal democracy? What is communism? What are their promises?

Liberal democracy consists of two elements —liberalism and democracy. The word liberalism derives from liberty, the word democracy means, as everybody knows, the rule of the people. Let us take those two words separately.


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"Because of strong anti-Christian prejudices, Christians in Europe are increasingly marginalized"

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Pity that the Fascism of Francisco Franco and Salazar, or speak of Mussolini and Hitler or of the clerical-fascism autriac is not among the despotisms. Anti-liberalism in Poland and Hungary seems to me to be fed by the old Catholic social doctrine with the "caudillo by the grace of God," the "corporate stato" and the "divine" laws and rights (including homophobia) against human rights. The Argentine Pope is ignored, the Pope is alive. What a pity!

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